Villages Health Support Org (VHSO) is the Non Government Organization, registered under Government act, 24/2002 and given Ref No OONGO/R/0421, VHSO main objectives are to promote social educational and economic empowerment to underprivileged community, Enhance provision of medical care, empower women in sexual production health as well as Supporting and empower children and adult live with HIV.
VHSO prepare a Project which will take place at Olchorovos Village which is at Arusha Village and it will give awareness to the Olchorovos society on how to free a girl from Child marriage
OLCHOROVOS SHORT HISTORY
Olchorovos is the village which is found at Arusha District which is at Arusha Region, Most of people live there are Masai and Most Villagers are farmers and Animal keeper. They farm maize, beans, wheat, Vegetables,Tobacco and Flowers.They keep Animals like Sheep,Cow,Goat,Donkey and Chicken
31% of girls in Tanzania are married before their 18th birthday and 5% are married before the age of 15.According to UNICEF, Tanzania has the 11th highest absolute number of child brides in the world – 779,000.According to 2010 data, child marriage rates are as high as 59% in Shinyanga, 58% in Tabora and 55% in Mara. Rates are lowest in Iringa and Dar es Salaam.In rural areas on the border with Kenya, some girls reportedly marry as young as 11.
Child marriage,Female Genital Mutilation and teenage Pregnancy has a great negative impact to a girl especially in her Education and Mental health
Meaning of Female Genital Mutilation in Masai Society
- Transition of a girl from childhood to womanhood
- It is an honor for a girl
- Being allowed to have a Fiancee also wife of someone regardless the age
Most of time girls get engaged from 3 to 12 years ,It is rare for a girl to be in class two without having a fiancee.
When a girl reach the age of 12,Her fiancee is allowed to take care of her and come at her home even sleep with her at her home,It is a normal things and not an act of shame,
When the girl reach the age of 19 is called a mother and most of them already have 2 to 3 Children,Due to that a girl start to bear a child with the age of 16 years
THINGS TO DO THAT WE CAN FREE A MASAI GIRL FROM EARLY MARRIAGE CULTURE
- Education: Although it can be hard to educate a girl who already have a Fiancee because they feel to have a fiancee is to be honored, to be effective education should start early to those who have not yet engaged in love relationship,This can be done at school,Churches,Schools,TV,Seminars and crusades
- Starting of VHSO girls Clubs /Groups which will give Confidence to a girl to refuse Masai Culture
- Cooperate with Government sector like Social welfare and Police for those practice this Culture
- To have Strong Desk which will bring right of a girl at this Village
N:B When a Masai girl seen with Blue Necklace or Blue Beads on her neck that is like engagement ring,It means She is already engaged to someone
Child marriage is driven by gender inequality and the belief that girls are somehow inferior to boys, Child marriage at Olchorovos is also driven by:-
Family honor: Pre-marital sex is often considered a taboo which undermines family honor and decrease the amount of Dowry a girl can fetch when married. Some girls who are considered to be micharuko – ‘running around with men’ – are forced into marriage to avoid bringing shame to families.
Poverty: It shows that poverty is considered the leading driver of child marriage in Tanzania. Mahari – ‘bride price’ – involves a husband giving money, cattle or clothing to a bride’s family. It is also common for girls to decide to get married out of their own will in search of income Opportunities
Nyumba ntobu: This practice involves an older, wealthier man paying bride price for a young girl to become his wife. A man is then chosen to impregnate the girl and any children who are born belong to the older man.
Level of education: The Government’s Primary School Leaving Examination determines which students can go into secondary school. Human Rights Watch argues that girls who fail the exam face no more Opportunity expect marry. Girls who are pregnant are also not allowed to Continue with school.
Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C): FGM/C is linked to a desire to control female sexuality and is seen by many communities as a transition to prepare girls for marriage. Other Womanhood dances – such as unyago, samba and chagulaga – involve a girl being trained on marital aspects when she reaches puberty.
Whether you represent an organisation interested in supporting VHSO or an Individual If you would like to join the VHSO efforts, or discuss other means of getting involved, please CONTACT US. VHSO promise that 100% of all donations received will be spent on providing awareness about Freeing a Girl from child marriage. If you would like to support in other ways, for example through holding an event, climbing Kilimanjaro, running a marathon etc. Email us at: firstname.lastname@example.org or Phone No: +255 767 747 410