REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH EDUCATION

Family Planning to Teenagers

Villages Health Support Org (VHSO) is the Non Government Organization,It is main objectives are to promote social educational and economic empowerment to underprivileged community, Enhance provision of medical care, empower women in sexual production health as well as Supporting and empower children and adult live with HIV.

Leah M.Nkwija (Nurse Midwife) together with VHSO  prepare a Project which will be take place at Arusha District. The Project will provide education on Family planning  to Teenagers  in Schools.This is because  most of youth can be found in schools at the Age range of 14 years to 20 years

PROBLEM STATEMENT

According to 2010 TDHS, 23 percent of women between the ages of 15 and 19 have begun child-bearing, while the total fertility rate (TFR) has remained high at 5.4 children per woman [1]. TFR was reported at 5.8 and 5.7 births per woman in 1996 and 2005, respectively [1, 6].

Evidence strongly indicates that school-based programs can increase knowledge and improve attitudes related to delaying or decreasing risky sexual behaviors and increasing contraceptive use. (Alford, Sue, Nicole Cheetham, and Debra Hauser. “Science and success in developing countries: holistic programs that work to prevent teen pregnancy HIV and sexually transmitted infections.” (2005).)

Younger unmarried men aged 15-19 years are less likely to use a condom during sexual intercourse than unmarried young men aged 20-24 years (MOHCDGEC, 2018). Adolescent girls aged 15-19 years have both the lowest contraceptive use rates and highest unmet need for family planning in East Africa (Izugbara et al, 2018) – reported as 9% in Tanzania (MOHCDGEC, 2018).

Among unmarried young women, use of a condom at sexual intercourse is higher among adolescents aged 18-19 years.  Geographical differences were found in family planning use: Youths in rural areas use· condoms at a lower rate compared to their urban counterparts (MOHCDGEC, 2018).

PROBLEM ANALYSIS

Health can be defined as physical, mental, and social  well being, and as a resource for living a full life. It refers not only to the absence of disease, but the ability to recover and bounce back from illness and other problems. It is for Youth who are in Child bearing Age

Reproductive health is defined as a state of physical, mental, and social well-being in all matters relating to the reproductive system, at all stages of life. Good reproductive health implies that people are able to have a satisfying and safe sex life, the capability to reproduce  and the freedom to decide if, when, and how often to do so.

Men, women and Youth should be informed about and have access to safe, effective, affordable, and acceptable methods of family planning of their choice, and the right to appropriate health-care services that enable women to safely go through pregnancy and childbirth.

Reproductive Health starts from Friendship between the two sexes, the act of sexual Intercourse, Pregnancy and Breastfeeding.

Youth Rights to have Family planning Education

Youth have great contribution in the development of family, Society and Nation. It is very important to Prioritize give awareness to them about Family planning education; Lack of this Education will lead to Increasing of Teenage Pregnancy, Early marriages, Sexual transmitted Diseases like HIV/AIDS, Syphilis and Gonorrhea.

Reproductive Health right starts from the level of Family, school, Society and also in Health care Service stations.

Youth have the right to have Good Health in general, Have Right to get Reproductive Health service especially family planning ,Right to own his/her own body, Rights to get Information about their Health Reproductive status and Right to have Sex.

How can Youth Protect themselves from Teenage Pregnancy

Mainly Youth are in three groups

A-This is Youth or Group of Youth who are Abstain from Sex, They only concentrate on Studies and other Social activities

B-This is youth or Group of Youth who are having Unprotected sex with only one partner; these has to protect themselves from teenage pregnancy through Condom, Contraceptive implants, Loop or Injections

C-This is youth or Group of Youth who use to have more than one Partner, This group has to protect themselves from Sexual transmitted diseases and Pregnancy, They suppose to use Condom and other family planning methods like Contraceptive implants,Loop,Injection or Pills

The best ways of Family planning which Youth can use especially girls due to their short period of time that most of their time is spent in school is Loop, Contraceptive implants and Condoms.

Strategies that Youth in school can use to face Teenage Pregnancy Challenge

They have to find and accept Advice, to join in good groups, to have good friends, Getting rid of sexual thought, avoid Alcoholism, Focus on studies, the use of ABC’s approach which is Abstain from sex, Be Faithful and the use of Condom

N:B

Family Planning can be used to anyone who has the ability to Bear or Producing a Child, Family planning has no side effects, Family Planning is not the source of making someone to have many lovers, to have many lovers is ones habits.

Overall Goal

To reduce the rate of Teenage Pregnancy by giving awareness to youth about Reproductive Health education especially in Family planning.

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE

  • To give Family planning awareness to Teenagers in school
  • Eliminating misconception about Family planning
  • Provide Contraceptive

OUTCOMES 

  • Reduce the number Teenage Pregnancy
  • Reduce number of Early marriages
  • Reduce number of girls drop out from school
  • Reduce transmission of Sexual transmitted diseases such as HIV/AIDS,Gonnorea,Syphillis
  • Increase awareness to school girls on their rights
  • Reduce number of street children due to Unplanned parenting
  • Reduce Infant mortality
  • Reduce number of death to Pregnancy women due to Abortion and during child bearing
  • Increase Power work by having Health youth in the Society and Nation at large

 

Whether you represent an organisation interested in supporting VHSO or an Individual   If you would like to join the VHSO efforts, or discuss other means of getting involved, please CONTACT US. VHSO promise that 100% of all donations received will be spent on providing  awareness about family planning to Teenagers in schools. If you would like to support in other ways, for example through holding an event, climbing Kilimanjarorunning a marathon etc. Email us at: info@villageshealthsupport.org or g: +255767747410

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